Boletim Arquitectura / Architecture
Following the example of the French and English railway companies, the CP (Portuguese Company) promoted between the decades of 1910 and 1920 the construction of buildings for housing and social facilities to support its employees and their families. In the first quarter of the 20th century, the Boneco neighbourhood, destined for retired railway workers, and Vila Verde, aligned with the Camões neighbourhood, stand out. The latter, built in 1926, was designed by Cottinelli Telmo and Luís da Cunha. All these neighbourhoods are located in the city of Entroncamento. This city was born by the railway, the station being the first building, at the time a small barrack (1862). This equipment caused a large migratory flow from the interior of Portugal to work in the Company. As a consequence, the CP drew up a plan that included a series of social support structures with a unique dimension at the national level. This program generated the creation of neighbourhoods for employees, a school, a supply warehouse and a tuberculosis dispensary that functioned as a health centre and also encouraged the development of sports activities.
At the same time, with the evolution of technologies and the development of railway activities, the office area was expanded, reinforcing the training of personnel, which had its peak in the creation of a training centre, today designated FERNAVE, a huge building of a new plant built for these functions and which housed the Higher Institute of Transport. Fragment of the text Boletim by Carla Filipe.
Measures: 22 x 14.5 cm
Binding: Soft cover